Dr. Nicolas Desprat is graduated in fundamental physics from Pierre and Marie Curie University. He holds a PhD in condensed matter and is currently appointed as associate professor at the University of Paris. His research seeks to understand the extent to which physical constraints shape biological systems. In the past, he has worked on cell mechanics and mecanotransduction in early embryonic development. His research currently focuses on the spatial dynamics that organize bacterial communities. Aside from his research activities, he has developed together with Jean-Baptiste Boulé (MNHN, Paris) a collaboration with the artist Philippe Parreno around a bioreactor in which yeasts dialogue with lights and sounds of the installations.